If you are at all familiar with the world of cannabis, chances are you have heard the terms “indica” and “sativa”. But do you really know what the differences are? You might just nod your head at the dispensary worker who gives you a description of the nice sativa strain for sale without really understanding what you’re buying. But if you really consider yourself a cannabis connoisseur, you should know what effects on the mind and body an indica-heavy strain will give you over a sativa-heavy one.

What are the different growing habits for each type? And what on Earth is a sativa-indica cross breed? These are vital questions for any cannabis user, especially if you are planning on growing your own. Canadians now have the ability to grow four of their own recreational plants or can obtain an ACMPR license to grow more for medical purposes. If you are planning on growing in Canada or you just want to know about what you’re buying from dispensaries, here is everything you need to know about indica vs. sativa.

What side effects will a indica vs. sativa plant give me?

The general rule of thumb is that indica buds are responsible for creating a relaxing chilled-out vibe. Some people even consider them to be very sedative depending on how dominant the indica characteristics are. Indica strains are better for hanging out alone on a quiet night in with a movie or some relaxing tunes. Sativa plants, on the other hand, tend to be more uplifting and can even increase productivity and creativity. They are better for social gatherings or can even be used for times when you want to get tasks done. A blended strain will most likely have both effects on a person, so you could experience both relaxation and productivity from ingesting a indica-sativa blend.

What are the different growing habits for indica vs. sativa?

If you are interested in growing your own plants it is helpful to know the basic characteristics of whether you have indica or sativa in your grow room. Generally indica are stout and resemble small bushes and have broad leaves, while sativa reaches tall and skinny with narrow leaf width. Indica plants tend to have a shorter flowering period and can survive colder climates that have short seasons. Sativa plants take longer before they are ready for harvesting and perform best in warmer climates.

Does anything else matter other than indica vs. sativa when determining a plants effects?

Absolutely. Most people assume that the only determining factor for how cannabis makes you feel is whether it is indica vs. sativa but this is not the case at all. It is also important to consider things like THC and CBD levels. A high-THC indica plant will differ from a low-THC indica plant, and a high-CBD sativa will have different effects than a low-CBD one. So be sure to ask other questions other than just indica or sativa. Growing conditions can also affect the potency and side effects certain buds will give you. A healthy flowering period will obviously deliver more potent plants than a flowering phase riddled with problems.